Sir Laurence Olivier (1907 – 1989)
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Olivier
|Born||Laurence Kerr Olivier
22 May 1907
Dorking, Surrey, England
|Died||11 July 1989 (aged 82)
Ashurst, West Sussex, England
Cause of death
|Occupation||Actor, director, producer, screenwriter|
|Spouse(s)||Jill Esmond (1930–40; divorced)
Vivien Leigh (1940–60; divorced)
Joan Plowright (1961–89; his death)
|Children||2 sons, 2 daughters|
|Relatives||Sydney Olivier (uncle, deceased)
Noël Olivier (cousin, deceased)
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM (/ˈlɒrəns ɵˈlɪvi.ɵ/; 22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an English actor, director, and producer. Olivier is generally considered to have been one of the greatest actors of the 20th century.
During a six-decade career, Olivier played many roles on stage and screen. His three Shakespeare films as actor-director, Henry V (1944), Hamlet (1948), and Richard III (1955), are among the pinnacles of the bard at the cinema. On stage his more than 120 roles included Richard III, Macbeth, Romeo, Hamlet, Uncle Vanya, and Archie Rice in The Entertainer. He appeared in nearly sixty films, including William Wyler‘sWuthering Heights (1939) and Alfred Hitchcock‘s Rebecca (1940). He was the founding artistic director of the National Theatre Company in 1963, a post in which he remained for a decade. He had earlier filled the same post at the Old Vic after the Second World War. The largest stage in the National Theatre building was later named after him.
Olivier retired from the stage in 1974, but his work on-screen continued until the year before his death in 1989. For television, he starred in Long Day’s Journey into Night (1973), The Merchant of Venice (1973),Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1976), Brideshead Revisited (1981), and King Lear (1983), among others. His later films for cinema included Joseph L. Mankiewicz‘s Sleuth (1972),John Schlesinger‘s Marathon Man(1976), and The Boys from Brazil (1978).
Actor Spencer Tracy stated that Olivier was “the greatest actor in the English-speaking world”, and others said he was the best in the world, or that he was the best they would ever see perform.Director Jonathan Miller (who directed Olivier in The Merchant of Venice) warned: “I hope that no actor tries to copy him.” Olivier’s AMPAS acknowledgments include twelve Oscar nominations, with two wins (for Best Actor and Best Picture for the 1948 film Hamlet), plus two honorary awards including a statuette and certificate. He also won five Emmy Awards from the nine nominations he received. Additionally, he was a three-time Golden Globe and BAFTA winner.
Olivier was the youngest actor to be knighted as a Knight Bachelor, in 1947, and the first to be elevated to the peerage two decades later. He married three times, to actresses Jill Esmond, Vivien Leigh, andJoan Plowright, his widow.
|Birth name||Steven Patrick Morrissey|
|Born||22 May 1959
Davyhulme, Lancashire, England
|Genres||Alternative rock, indie rock, indie pop|
|Labels||HMV, Parlophone, Sire, RCA,Reprise, Mercury, Attack,Sanctuary, Decca, Lost Highway, Major Minor, Harvest|
|Associated acts||The Smiths, The Nosebleeds,Slaughter & The Dogs|
Steven Patrick Morrissey (born 22 May 1959), commonly known by his last name, Morrissey, is an English singer and lyricist. He rose to prominence in the 1980s as the lyricist and vocalist of the band the Smiths. The band was highly successful in the United Kingdom but broke up in 1987, and Morrissey began a solo career, making the top ten of the UK Singles Chart on ten occasions. His first solo album, 1988’sViva Hate, entered the UK albums chart at number one.
He is widely regarded as an important innovator in the indie music scene; music magazine NME considers Morrissey to be “one of the most influential artists ever”, while The Independent says, “Most pop stars have to be dead before they reach the iconic status he has reached in his lifetime.” In 2004, Pitchfork Media called him “one of the most singular figures in Western popular culture from the last 20 years.”
Morrissey’s lyrics have been described as “dramatic, bleak, funny vignettes about doomed relationships, lonely nightclubs, the burden of the past and the prison of the home”. He is also noted for his unusualbaritone vocal style (though he sometimes uses falsetto), his quiff haircut and his dynamic live performances. Media controversies have been caused by his forthright and often contrarian opinions, and he has also attracted media attention for his advocacy of vegetarianism and animal rights. He describes himself in his autobiography as an animal protectionist.
Johnny Gill performing with New Edition in Charlotte, NC 8/26/06
|Born||May 22, 1966|
|Origin||Washington, D.C., USA|
|Genres||R&B, pop, new jack swing, quiet storm, soul|
|Occupations||Singer, songwriter, composer, record producer, actor|
|Instruments||Vocal, keyboards, guitar,percussion|
|Labels||Cotillion / Atlantic (1982-1985)
|Associated acts||New Edition, LSG, Stacy Lattisaw, Heads of State|
Johnny Gill (born May 22, 1966) is an American singer, songwriter and actor. He is the sixth and final member of the R&B group New Edition, and was also a member of the supergroup called LSG; with Gerald Levert and Keith Sweat. He is currently in the new group Heads of State with New Edition members Bobby Brown and Ralph Tresvant touring.